From retribution to public safety : disruptive innovation of American criminal justice / William R. Kelly, with Robert Pitman and William Streusand
Book | Rowman & Littlefield | 2017
Available at Gateway-Kenosha Campus General Collection (HV 9950 K4.53 2017)
viii, 225 pages ; 24 cm
Includes bibliographical references (pages 181-217) and index.
1. The Great American Punishment Experiment
2. Four Major Threats to Recidivism Reduction: Intellectual Deficiencies, Drug Addiction, Neurodevelopmental Problems, and Mental Illness
3. The Special Case of the Juvenile Brain
4. The Path Forward: Changing Behavioral Health
5. Criminal Intent and Diversion
6. The Path Forward: Diverting Disordered Offenders
7. Costs, Benefits, and Challenges
"Over the past fifty years, American criminal justice policy has had a nearly singular focus - the relentless pursuit of punishment. Punishment is intuitive, proactive, logical, and simple. But the problem is that despite all of the appeal, logic, and common sense, punishment doesn't work. The majority of crimes committed in the United States are by people who have been through the criminal justice system before, many on multiple occasions. There are two issues that are the primary focus of this book. The first is developing a better approach than simple punishment to actually address crime-related circumstances, deficits and disorders, in order to change offender behavior, reduce recidivism, victimization and cost. And the second issue is how do we do a better job of determining who should be diverted and who should be criminally prosecuted. [This book] develops a strategy for informed decision making regarding criminal prosecution and diversion. The authors develop procedures for panels of clinical experts to provide prosecutors with recommendations about diversion and intervention. This requires a substantial shift in criminal procedure as well as major reform to the public health system, both of which are discussed in detail. Rather than ask how much punishment is necessary the authors look at how we can best reduce recidivism. In doing so they develop a roadmap to fix a fundamentally flawed system that is wasting massive amounts of public resources to not reducing crime or recidivism."-- Back cover.
38.00 LAW ENF (10-504-5)
Pitman, Robert, 1942- author.
Streusand, William, author.