xxxii, 346 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 27 cm
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Ch.1 Phytotechnology and the contemporary environment: an overview
What is phytotechnology? -- The difference between phytotechnology and phytoremediation -- Why do we need phytotechnologies? -- Opportunities and constraints -- The current state of phytotechnologies -- Legal and regulatory framework -- Designer checklist for phytotechnology implementation -- Innovation applications -- Biomass -- Phytoforensics
Short overview of plant functions -- Contaminant location: within soil, water or air? -- Contaminant type: organic or inorganic? -- Phytotechnology mechanisms -- Phyto plant characteristics and installation considerations -- Principles of phytotechnologies for organic and inorganic contaminants -- Field application and challenges
Ch.3 Contaminant classifications and plant selection
Organic contaminants -- Chlorinated solvents -- Explosives -- Pesticides -- Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) -- Other organic contaminants of concern -- Inorganic contaminats -- Plant macronutrients: Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), and Potassium (K) -- Metals -- High bioavailability: Arsenic (As), Cadmium (Cd), Nickel (Ni), Selenium (Se), Zinc (Z) -- Moderately difficult to extract: Boron (B), Cobalt (Co), Copper (Cu), Iron (Fe), Manganese (Mn), Molybdenum (Mo) -- Difficult to extract: Lead (Pb) -- Salt -- Radioactive isotopes -- Air pollution
Ch.4 Phytotypologies: phyotechnology planting types
Planted Stabilization Mat (Holds contaminants onsite) -- Evapotranspiration (ET) Cover (Minimizes water infilitration) -- Phytoirrigation (Irrigates plants with contaminated water) -- Green (and Blue) Roofs (Minimizes stormwater runoff) -- Groundwater Migration Tree Stand (Pumps and treats groundwater) -- Interception Hedgerow (Intercepts and degrades contaminated groundwater) -- Degradation Bosque (Degrades deep soil contamination) -- Extraction Plots (Extracts contaminants for harvest) -- Multi-Mechanism Mat (Utilizes all mechanisms for surface soil mitigation) -- Air Flow Buffer (Traps air pollution) -- Green Wall (Treats air and water pollution vertically) -- Multi-Mechanism Buffer (Utilizes all mechanisms for soil, air, and water mitigation) -- Stormwater Filter (Cleanses stormwater) -- Surface Flow Constructed Wetland (Cleanses water) -- Subsurface Gravel Wetland (Cleanses water) -- Floating Wetland (Cleanses water)
Ch.5 Site programs and land use
Roadways and parking lots -- Parks, open spaces, lawns and golf courses -- River corridors and greenways -- Railroad corridors -- Light industrial and manufacturing sites -- Gas stations and auto repair shops -- Dry cleaners -- Funeral homes and graveyards -- Urban residences -- Vacant lots -- Community gardens -- Agricultural fields -- Surburban residences -- Landfill -- Former manufactured-gas plant (MGP) -- Military uses
Ch.6 Additional resources
"Phyto presents the concepts of phytoremediation and phytotechnology in one comprehensive guide, illustrating when plants can be considered for the uptake, removal or mitigation of on-site pollutants. current scientific case studies are covered, highlighting the advantages and limitations of plant-based cleanup. Typical contaminant groups found in the built environment are explained, and plant lists for mitigation of specific contaminants are included where applicable. This is the first book to address the benefits of phytotechnologies from a design point of view, taking complex scientific terms and translating the research into an easy-to-understand reference book for those involved in creating planting solutions. Typically, phytotechnology planting techniques are currently employed post-site contamination to help clean up already contaminated soil by taking advantage of the positive effects that plants can have upon harmful toxins and chemicals. This book presents a new concept to create projective planting designs with preventative phytotechnology abilities, 'phytobuffering' where future pollution may be expected for particular site programs." --Cover.
56.00 HORT (10-001-1)
Principles and resources for site remediation and landscape design